Synagogue of Satan? The Theological Significance of the Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in AD 70, Part 1

Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple by Francesco Hayez By Prof. Andrew Fraser Introduction Trudy Pert suggests that the crisis of modern Christianity deepened when mid-nineteenth century Protestant theologians embraced the higher criticism.  Especially in Germany, the traditional devotional approach to the Bible was replaced by the “objective” techniques of historical and literary criticism.  As a consequence, educated Christians […]

Judaism Today is the religion of the Pharisees, in Jews’ own words! The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia PHARISEES (Φαρισαῖοι; Aramaic, “Perishaya”; Hebr. “Perushim”): “With the destruction of the Temple the Sadducees disappeared altogether, leaving the regulation of all Jewish affairs in the hands of the Pharisees. Henceforth Jewish life was regulated by the teachings of the Pharisees; the whole history of Judaism was […]

The Apostle Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West

Krister Stendahl’s essay launched the academic movement called the New Perspective on Paul.  The New Perspective has been a watershed in the move from an individualistic interpretation of Paul to one grounded in his own Jewishness.  This movement is an invaluable tool in getting beyond the Protestant slant on Paul dominant over the last several […]

Christian theology emerged by way of a Kuhnian Paradigm Shift

By Dirk-Martin Grube Faculty of Theology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ABSTRACT This paper argues that, historically, Christianity emerges out of Judaism by way of a paradigm shift in Thomas Kuhn’s sense of the word and that this emergence has normative consequences regarding the legitimacy of Christianity. Paradigm shifts are characterized by observational anomalies […]

An Alternative Theology of the Holy Land: A Critique of Christian Zionism

By Stephen R. Sizer There are two essential questions which this article will seek to address: one political and one theological. They are multifaceted and interwoven. The political question is this: How should Christians view the situation in Israel/Palestine today, where two peoples claim the same territory? How should they regard the State of Israel? […]

The Gospel according to acts – the king and his kingdom

What is the gospel message that the Apostles preached in Acts?  Most would answer something about the fact that Jesus died on the cross for our sins.  Sophisticated words for this are propitiation, atonement, reconciliation, or justification by faith. But does this encompass the full gospel of Peter, James and Paul? Acts 2:22-41 records Peter’s […]

The Fraud of Bourgeois Christianity: The Prophets and the Economic Doctrine of the Church

By Matthew Raphael Johnson Have you ever wondered why the Prophets are rarely read? It is because they were extremely harsh, very “judgmental” in the silly sense, and refused to compromise. They believed in total economic equality, the forgiveness of debts and rejected private property. The prophets would be sent to the loony bin today […]